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Constantin Rădulescu Jr. – Eminentul chirurg lugojean al Bucureștilor

Abstract: Constantin Rădulescu Jr. was a distinguished surgeon at the Eforiei Hospital in Bucharest. His correspondence with doctor George Dobrin, his brother-in-law and the first Romanian Prefect of Caraș-Severin County after the Great Union, describes episodes representative for the social, political and cultural life of Bucharest at the turn of the twentieth century: the arrival of Ferdinand, the crown prince, in the capital of the Kingdom of Romania and the vehement reaction of the anti-monarchist press, a long list of state institutions and Romanian Members of Parliament in 1895, the celebration of 10 May 1934. The letters also give biographic notes of personalities of Banat, such as Victor Vlad Delamarina, Valeriu Branişte, Tiberiu Brediceanu, Caius Brediceanu, Cornelia Brediceanu (Lucian Blaga’s wife), Vasile Mangra and George Crăciunescu, a protopope from Belinț Village. Sent on a mission to Messina after the devastating earthquake in 1908, the prominent surgeon from Lugoj provided the Romanian press with impressive accounts of the consequences of the cataclysm.

De ce l-a trădat Matia Corvin pe Vlad Țepeș?

Abstract. With the intention of keeping his forces intact in the event of an armed confrontation with his rival at the crown of Hungary, the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of German descent, Frederick III of Habsburg, King Matthias Corvinus travelled towards the Danube very late, to take part in the anti-Ottoman „crusade” of 1462. It was only on 17 September that he arrived at Turda, Transylvania, from where he advanced towards Sibiu, a city he would enter around  26 September. After a few days, more precisely on 30 September, he headed to Brasov, a city he would reach only by the end of October and “where he met The Impaler”. The main cause of “the young king Matthias Corvin’s attitude was undoubtedly the fact that in 1462 he was still focused on his conflict with Emperor Frederick III of Habsburg”, who continued to challenge his right to the throne of Hungary and raised claims to it himself.  Although Matthias Corvin “said that he was going to Wallachia to release Dracula (to whom he had given a blood relative in marriage) from the hands of the Turks”, he pursued his own interests and proved disloyal to Dracula. He “captured him and took him to Transylvania”. Consequently, in those days it was justly believed that Matthias Corvin acted as if he “had had an understanding with the Turks”, all the more so because, against the general opinion, he proclaimed „the other Dracula (i.e, Radu the Fair, Vlad the Impaler’s brother), whom the Turks had already appointed ruler over that country, as great Prince and Lord” of Wallachia.

Protoiereul Ioan Dăncilă, un preot militar astăzi aproape uitat: contribuții parțiale la o bio-bibliografie

Abstract: The presence and role of military priest among the armed forces were highly beneficial. Military priests did more than just perform religious services. They were involved in the social activities of officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers, in the inspection of armament, living conditions, hygiene, food and medical conditions in field or garrison hospitals. At the same time, a military priest was an educational, moral, and cultural model for both the troops and the officers among which he lived and worked. This was also the case of Captain Ioan Dăncilă, who was recruited in the Austro-Hungarian Imperial Army and later in Greater Romania’s Army.

Oameni de ieri și de azi (5): Ion Cocora

Abstract: Ion Cocora was born in Forotic village, Caraș-Severin County, on 13 March 1927. He was among the people who were deported to Bărăgan on the Pentecost night (18 June) of 1951. In a conversation with Gabriela Șerban and Dr. Martin Olaru, Ion Cocora speaks about the five years he and his family spent in the Bărăgan Plain, the harsh living conditions and the tough work they did in the “Siberia of Romania”.

Participarea românilor din comitatul Timiș la alegerile parlamentare din anul 1881

Abstract: In 1881, the Romanians in the Timiș “comitat” participated in the parliamentary elections of Hungary on behalf of the Romanian National Party, having national candidates. During the elections, the teachers and the priests of the villages in Timiș, leaders of the Romanian communities of voters, stood out as supporters of these candidates and the programme adopted in Sibiu. The obstructive actions of the Hungarian government circles and the lack of political experience led to the failure of the Romanians’ national candidates. The only winning Romanian candidate was General Traian Doda from the “Caraș” comitat.

Aplicarea convenţiei de armistiţiu în judeţul Severin (1944-1947)

Abstract: Although it tried to evoid the transformation of Romania in a theatre of war, the  state-hit from August 23rd, 1944, was followed, inevitably, by the soviet military occupation.
After eliberating the southern part of the country from german troops, the romanian army got engaged in the fight for freedom of the north-west territory of Transilvania, which territory was given to Hungary through the Dictate of Viene on August 30th, 1940, followed by taking the cities soldiers and officers were sacrificed. Unfortunately, this part of the country got under soviet military administration on November 11th, 1944. Hoping that it will obtain the participation to war, the romanian army got involved in the west campain under soviet comand, until the surrender of Germany, on May 9th, 1945, but the human and material sacrifices of people were substantial.




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