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Morisena nr. 1 (17)/2020

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CURELEA, Daniela

Considerații privind Asociațiunea Transilvană în serviciul pedagogiei sociale și al educației adulților între 1931-1946/1947 (I)

 
Abstract: Seen by the Romanian intellectuals in Transylvania as a means of promoting culture and education among the people, social pedagogy was a major desideratum of the Transylvanian Association – the cultural and national institution of Sibiu – both in the inter-war decades and after that, until 1947-1948. Social pedagogy aimed at forming desirable citizens useful for the society. Education was promoted from three perspectives: it should have a pronounced economic and sanitary char-acter; it should be moral, civic and citizen-oriented and it should be rooted in culture.

Considerații privind legătura interinstituțională dintre ASTRA și unitățile militare din Basarabia și Dobrogea între 1924-1930

 
Abstract: Regarding the material and moral support that the Army offered to Astra in Bessarabia, we note that since the summer of 1923, the Romanian non-commissioned officers and officers have contributed to the establishment of several divisions of the Association in this eastern part of the country. The first was constituted by the members of the Romanian elite (military, intellectuals, priests) in Cetatea-Albă county (July 8, 1924), and the second was the one recorded on January 1, 1924, in the same county and was mentioned as being established in one of the great military units existing in the province at that time: 30th Infantry Regiment „Matei Basarab”. The remarkable was the activity of Captain M. Dumitrașcu who in 1925 was involved in the creation of three other divisions/partitions of Astra in the south of Bassarabia, active and with the contribution of military units in this part of Romania: Astra’s Partitions in Tighina and Astra’s Partitions in the Hunting Battalion in the same locality respectively the Astra’s Partitions which was organized in the 28th Infantry Regiment in Ismail County. Also we note that on May 5, 1927, the constitution of the „Astra Dobrogean” Regional and the Central County Partitions of Astra in Constanța. In the service of Astra from the Dobrogea part of Romania he activated General Ion Vlădescu and with the agreement of the president of Astra from that period Vasile Goldiș. General I. Vlădescu was familiar with the activity of the Association from the time when he was in Sibiu to the leadership of the VII Territorial Army Corps and that he collaborated with Central Comitee of Astra in the cycle of conferences entitled The need to have an army.

Considerații privind organizarea și desfășurarea Adunărilor generale ale Astrei în Alba Iulia (1866, 1875, 1886)

 
Abstract: The general assembly of Astra, ordinary or extraordinary, when the circumstances of the time imposed it represented the general body of the members through which the central Committee of Sibiu of the institution constantly pursued, both the fulfillment of the essential purpose of Astra - the unification of all Romanians in the a single Romanian state and the construction through culture and education of the Romanian nation-, as well as the defining objectives of the Romanian elite in Transilvania, permanently noted in social pedagogy and adult education. Astra, acted and manifested itself through its propagandists, the lecturers, the members of its divisions in Transylvania and Banat. During the first three to four decades of its history, the mentioned institution, organized in the city of Alba Iulia three of its general meetings.

Considerații sumare cu privire la activitatea publicistică a lui Dumitru Cruțiu Delasăliște în paginile periodicelor culturale din Arad și Constanța (1904-1934)

 
Abstract: Dumitru Cruțiu Delasaliște (1884-1934) was a well-known publicist and culture man from Constanța, and as it results from the specific particle attached to his name, we allow ourselves to issue the opinion that D. Cruțiu Delasaliște was probably of Salish origin. In fact, in this sense, the researcher of Constanţa Enache Puiu, who remarked in one of his works, that the future publicist of Constanta was born in Săliștea Sibiului, Sibiu county in 1884, from where, as well as many other dissatisfied Transylvanians. of Austro-Hungarian rule, especially after the signing of Dualism from Buda in 1867 saw the need to cross the mountains in the Old Kingdom, and our author and publicist settled with the family in the city on the Black Sea shore in 1894. The study of here is a presentation of some of his writings that appeared in periodicals from Arad and Constanța between 1904-1934. At the same time, we must not forget his involvement in the formation of a syndicate of journalists from Constanţa, respectively his activity as secretary in the service of the Regional "Astra Dobrogeană".

O bibliotecă, școală și presă românească: factori de formare cultural-națională în rândurile voluntarilor Legiunii Române de Vânători Transilvăneni și Bucovineni din Siberia (1919-1920)

 
Abstract: Between 1919-1920 members of the Romanian Legion of Hunters Transylvanian Volunteers retreated through Russia to Vladivostok. they were involved in guarding the Trans-Siberian railway over a 1000 km course. They were involved in the civil war of the white guard and the red guard. The library, the periodical press and the school were during this period the main factors of cultural and national formation among these volunteer military units of Transylvanian, Banat and Bukovina origin along their way to the house.

Un reprezentant clerical al elitei pașoptiste în serviciul administrației cultural-religioase din România în vremea principelui Cuza

 
Abstract: Priest Radu Șapcă, a revolutionary man and the adept of uniting the Romanian Principates, he served the culture and the church of Romania during the reign of Unionist prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza, but also after that in the period of Carol I. Our study briefly and chronologically presents the functions that priest R. Șapcă, a native of Celei, exercised throughout his career: especially accent foccused that of the administrative superior curator at the famous Cozia monastery. Radu Șapcă also exercised the duties of elder, administrative and superior curator and in the religious settlements in Sadiva, Hotărani and Brancoveni

Contribuții la cunoașterea legăturilor și a colaborării dintre Asociațiunea Transilvană și instituțiile fundamentale ale României Mari: Guvernul și Casa Regală între 1918-1948

 
Abstract: Astra collaborated optimally with all the fundamental institutions of Greater Romania - the Royal House, the Government, the Church, the Army, not least with the School, but also with the other cultural structures active during the interwar period and beyond. The Romanian monarchs were honorary presidents of the Astra. The Romanian kings honored their participation, even materially supporting many of Astra's projects. The hierarchs of the Church, the metropolitans, the bishops, both the Orthodox, but also the unions became involved in the activities of Astra, were presidents or vice-presidents of Astra, presided over the general meetings of the institution. The Romanian governments have been involved in supporting Astra, many of the Romanian ministers, former or current members in the Sections of the Association. Officers and generals of the Romanian Army were prominent members, or were involved in the efforts of Astra to spread his message in Bessarabia, Dobrogea and Banat, and the teachers supported the institution or even activated in the central or local management of the Astraas was the case of teachers Iuliu Moldovan, Iuliu Hațieganu, Silviu Țeposu, Eugen Hulea, Sabin Evuțianu, Ascaniu Crișan or Valer Literat.

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