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Morisena nr. 1(17)/2020, anul V

Societatea „Kandia” din Timișoara în timpul Primului Război Mondial și procesul cu statul maghiar

 
Abstract: The „Kandia” factory was founded in 1890. In order to face the competition in 1909 it becomes a joint stock company and begins to develop constantly. In 1918, „Kandia” enters into a contract wits the Austro-Hungarian army, which undertakes to deliver 625 wagons of apple jam. Because much of the amount was not delivered due to the end of the war, a long process will follow with the Hungarian state to recover the loss.

Operațiunile militare din Banat în anii 1944-1945

 
Abstract: Since its formation, in the 8th-9th centuries, following a broad process of ethnogenesis, the Romanian people have contributed, substantially, through the great voivodes, but also through the simple peasants, considered, in a word, the „sole” of the country., to block all attempts of the Ottoman Empire to conquer Central Europe and to preserve human civilization in this part of the continent.
The connections between the Romanian provinces, existing from the early Middle Ages, will intensify in the 18th-19th centuries.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Bolshevik revolution in the Tsarist Empire (November 1917) and the collapse of Austria-Hungary (November 1918), at the end of the First World War, determined the fulfillment of the age-old dream of the Romanian people, to live, freely and independently, in the one country. Greater Romania, formed on December 1, 1918 and established, in its new borders, by the peace treaties of 1919-1920, will unfortunately last only two decades, but this dream will remain forever imprinted in the consciousness of all. Romanians.

Eroi cunoscuți și necunoscuți ai Cenadului

 
Zusammenfassung: Nach den beiden Weltkriegen im 20. Jahrhundert wurden in der Gemeinde Tschanad, Kreis Timiș, Rumänien zur Erinnerung an die auf dem Schlachtfeld gefallenen Opfer bzw. Vermissten von verschiedenen Ethnien mehrere Denkmäler errichtet. Das im öffentlichen Raum positionierte Denkmal der im Ersten Weltkrieg gefallenen rumänischen Helden, wurde zum allgemeinen Denkmal, nachdem auch die Namen der im Zweiten Weltkrieg Gefallenen oder Vermissten, unabhängig von ihrer Volkszugehörigkeit, auf diesem Denkmal erfasst worden waren. Aus den jüngsten Erforschungen der Dokumente im Nationalarchiv des Kreises Timiș geht hervor, dass die Zahl der Helden des Zweiten Weltkriegs weitaus größer ist als die Namensinschriften auf dem gemeinsamen Denkmal.

Considerații privind legătura interinstituțională dintre ASTRA și unitățile militare din Basarabia și Dobrogea între 1924-1930

 
Abstract: Regarding the material and moral support that the Army offered to Astra in Bessarabia, we note that since the summer of 1923, the Romanian non-commissioned officers and officers have contributed to the establishment of several divisions of the Association in this eastern part of the country. The first was constituted by the members of the Romanian elite (military, intellectuals, priests) in Cetatea-Albă county (July 8, 1924), and the second was the one recorded on January 1, 1924, in the same county and was mentioned as being established in one of the great military units existing in the province at that time: 30th Infantry Regiment „Matei Basarab”. The remarkable was the activity of Captain M. Dumitrașcu who in 1925 was involved in the creation of three other divisions/partitions of Astra in the south of Bassarabia, active and with the contribution of military units in this part of Romania: Astra’s Partitions in Tighina and Astra’s Partitions in the Hunting Battalion in the same locality respectively the Astra’s Partitions which was organized in the 28th Infantry Regiment in Ismail County. Also we note that on May 5, 1927, the constitution of the „Astra Dobrogean” Regional and the Central County Partitions of Astra in Constanța. In the service of Astra from the Dobrogea part of Romania he activated General Ion Vlădescu and with the agreement of the president of Astra from that period Vasile Goldiș. General I. Vlădescu was familiar with the activity of the Association from the time when he was in Sibiu to the leadership of the VII Territorial Army Corps and that he collaborated with Central Comitee of Astra in the cycle of conferences entitled The need to have an army.

Sârbii din România, într-o democraţie recentă, la marginea Europei

 
Abstract:
– Which were the main means of repression mechanism and political control developed by the system toward the minorities?
– Which were the „special” treatments exercised by Securitate on the Serbian orthodox church , the most conservative minority institution, passed as such under the control, surveillance and thorough checking and, on case by case basis, callous repression with painful consequences to the community life?
– What destructive effects did cause this negative action on the „system servants” from within the community?
– And finally – what was the outcome of these complicated reactions and malefic interconnections in the minority alchemy of the new domestic democracy?
The following pages are, in their own way, possible explanations to these series of sensitive questions... Minorities who, as an integral part of the deranged Romanian world, failed to prove the necessary maturity for a genuine new beginning and absolution from the repudiated phantoms of the past which are keeping haunting, being resurgent by the collective sub-consciousness of our problematic democracy.

Considerații privind organizarea și desfășurarea Adunărilor generale ale Astrei în Alba Iulia (1866, 1875, 1886)

 
Abstract: The general assembly of Astra, ordinary or extraordinary, when the circumstances of the time imposed it represented the general body of the members through which the central Committee of Sibiu of the institution constantly pursued, both the fulfillment of the essential purpose of Astra - the unification of all Romanians in the a single Romanian state and the construction through culture and education of the Romanian nation-, as well as the defining objectives of the Romanian elite in Transilvania, permanently noted in social pedagogy and adult education. Astra, acted and manifested itself through its propagandists, the lecturers, the members of its divisions in Transylvania and Banat. During the first three to four decades of its history, the mentioned institution, organized in the city of Alba Iulia three of its general meetings.

Alegeri în Cercul electoral Bocșa, la 1906

 
Zusammenfassung: Durch die Entwicklung der Kreiswahlen stellte das Jahr 1906 einen politischen Haupttest für die rumänische banatische Intelligenz, die sich um die Repräsentativität für die rumänische Hauptbevölkerung bemühte. Die wichtigsten Kulturinstitutionen (die Gesang- und Blechmusikvereine, die Theatertruppen, die Presse) waren sich in gemeinsamen Anstrengungen eingelassen, um zu mobilisieren und sensibilisieren das Identitätsprinzip, zwecks der Erlangung einiger sozialpolitischen Rechte.
Nach dem Wahlerfolg des Tribunen Coriolan Brediceanu folgte die Enttäuschung der Ungültigkeitserklärung der Wahl und das Fiasko von Valeriu Braniște. Das ganze Panorama der Atmosphäre dieser Wahlen ist beseelt von der Gärung vieler Kulturveranstaltungen der Rumänen aus West-Banat.

Vlad Țepeș și politica sa internă

 
Abstract: When he came for the second time at the helm of Wallachia, Vlad the Impaler took a series of measures aimed at strengthening the central authority. Seeking to annihilate the anarchic tendencies of the great boyars, the vindictive descendant of the Bessarabians “from the beginning set up a regime of terror”, inaugurating his new reign by massacring those opposed to the political line promoted by him. Thus, the consolidation of the central power and the economic development, carried out by Vlad the Impaler, allowed the mobilization of all the forces available to Wallachia in order to stop the Ottoman expansion and prevent the disappearance of the Romanian South-Carpathian statehood, and not only (because his reckless deeds of arms saved from extinction the other two Romanian countries, Transylvania and Moldova, as well as the whole central and western European Christianity), a goal successfully achieved by the vigorous descent of the Dracula Bessarabians, who proved to be the right man at the right place, and providentially appeared just then, when there was greater need of him, as God made it possible whenever the Romanians faced great difficulties in their long and troubled existence.

Oameni de ieri și de azi (3) Ilie Telescu, veritabil român, inimos dascăl și preot curajos

 
Abstract: Ilie Telescu was born in Bocșa Montană (Caraș-Severin County) in 1839, to a family of Romanian Greek-Catholic miners. He attended the primary school in Bocșa, then the secondary school and the Greek-Catholic Teacher’s Training School in Oradea and became a teacher.
Between 1860 and 1863, he studied Greek-Catholic theology in Oradea.
In 1868, he was transferred to the Greek-Catholic parish in Cenad, where he was a teacher and a priest.
Ilie Telescu was a complex personality, a patriot who loved peace and unity. In 1875, he and 801 people turned to Orthodoxy, reactivating the old Romanian Orthodox parish in Cenad. He was actively involved in the cultural life of the locality, where he set up a reading society.

Condiţia materială a învăţătorilor din comitatul Timiș, în secolul al XIX-lea

 
Abstract: The financial situation of teachers was an important element that linked the Romanian School with the society, as teachers were paid from the contribution of the local community. In general, teachers’ salaries in Timiș were modest in the 19th century. They varied from one locality to another, depending on the economic potential, but increased relatively towards the end of the same century, thanks to the efforts that the Romanian community made to comply with the salary-related provisions of the school legislation. As representatives of such a caring and noble profession, the Romanian teachers in the Timiș “comitat” served the national language and culture without asking to be paid according to the sacrifices they made.

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