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Morisena nr. 1 (21)/2021

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Morisena nr. 4(20)/2020, anul V

Castelul/donjonul medieval de la Horogszeg (sec. XV) ≡ Turnul de la Orosin (1696, 1721), Seul Tour (1771)

 
Abstract: The medieval castle/donjon from Horogszeg (15th century) ≡ The tower from Orosin (1696, 1721), Seul Tour (1771). The study analyzes the known historical and cartographic information and reveals the exact location of the medieval castle from Horogszeg (45°49′31.60″ N / 20°36′27″ E).
 
 
Motto: Der liebe Gott steckt im Detail
                    (Aby WARBURG, 1925)
               
În acest moment nu știm câte fortificații medievale au existat pe teritoriul Banatului istoric, iar prea multe din cele cunoscute documentar nu (mai) știm pe unde au fost.

Oameni de ieri și de azi (5): Pr. Ioan Lupinca

 

Abstract: In 1952-1984, Father Ioan Lupinca was the priest of the “Nativity of Virgin Mary” Orthodox Church in Bocșa Vasiova. He graduated the Romanian Orthodox Theological Academy of Caransebeș and the Faculty of Theology of “Regele Carol II” University of Cernăuți. After graduation, Ioan Lupinca was a priest in the village where he lived, Greoni. From 1948 to 1951, he was imprisoned for political reasons, and then he was deported as a priest with compulsory residence to Sacoșul Mare Village, in the “Raion” of Lugoj. Starting with 1952, he was a priest in Vasiova. He is remembered as a kind, loving man with deep f faith in God, a good organiser and manager of the church, a hardworking man and a great patriot.

 
„Rugăciunea și faptele bune sunt cele două aripi cu care omul se înalță spre cer.”
(Î.P.S. Ioan Selejan)[1]
 
 
În perioada 1952-1984, Biserica Ortodoxă „Nașterea Maicii Domnului” din Bocșa Vasiova[2] a fost păstorită cu dragoste și pricepere de preotul Ioan Lupinca, „preot patriot care a plătit cu ani grei de temniță faptul de a fi denunțat comunismul”.[3]

Cornel Diaconovici, un bănățean în Sibiu și marile proiecte ale Astrei între 1898-1905: Enciclopedia română și Palatul Asociațiunii

 
Abstract: The project of building a Romanian Museum in Sibiu and producing a comprehensive work like the Romanian Encyclopaedia (Astra Encyclopaedia) that was published in Sibiu were two of the greatest achievements of The Transylvanian Association for Romanian Literature and the Culture of the Romanian People. They were carried out thanks to the efforts of Cornel Diaconovici from Banat, who was the secretary of the Association at the turn of the 20th century.

Coriolan Brediceanu, „Leul” comitatului Caraș-Severin: Propunerea pentru revocarea ordinului de dizolvare a Partidului Național Român și a Comitetului Național Român

 
Abstract: After the electoral failure of 1884, the “passivist” Coriolan Brediceanu – the Lion of Banat, as his contemporaries called him – filed a petition to the spring Assembly of the Caraș-Severin County in May 1900. The petition was addressed to Vice-Ispán (Count) Carol Fialka and it requested that is should be approved and submitted to the High Government, for the revocation of the “Hieronymi orders” that had decreed the dissolution of the Romanian National Party. Debated by the Assembly, the petition was dismissed as unfounded according to the Nationalities Law of 1868. Despite this failure, Coriolan Brediceanu’s efforts revealed his political repositioning that would gradually convince him to give up passivism and become directly involved in the greater national projects that would culminate with the Great Union of 1918-1919.

Vlad Țepeș, „Vampirul”

 
Rezumat. Vlad the Impaler’s bloody acts were undoubtedly exaggerated on purpose in the German version of the stories about the cruel Romanian ruler. This version was spread by his opponents and was greatly enjoyed by the common people of those times, who had a taste for cruelty. A serious analysis of Vlad the Impaler’s image as it is described in the Transylvanian Saxon stories will unquestionably prove them unreal and rather hilarious, even for the most experienced readers of Bram Stoker’s novel. At the same time, it becomes clear to everybody that the terrible punishment of impaling the wrongdoers, as well as the other methods of execution and brutal torture of the prisoners sentenced to death or Vlad’s opponents were by no means groundless actions or mere acts of vengeance. On the contrary, they were dictated by strong political reasons, such as the consolidation of the reign, the correct use of justice, the creation of a safe environment in the country, the economic, social, cultural and religious organisation and development of the country, the wellbeing of all its inhabitants and, last but not least, the consolidation and expansion of the mediaeval Romanian state at the south of the Carpathians and the development and training of the army for the confrontations with the Ottoman Empire.

Dascăli bănățeni la Alba Iulia (partea a IV-a): Ioan Bacău (1887-1948), Victor Bârlea (1882-1959) și Traian Mihailovici (1867-1927)

 
Abstract: A distinct professional category with remarkable achievements in educating the people and raising their national awareness was that of the teachers. At the end of 1918, teachers played a major role in organising the Romanian councils and National Guards, as well as the meetings for the selection of the delegates who were to decide the destiny of Banat. Many teachers were delegated to vote for the union of Transylvania with its motherland at the Great National Assembly of Alba Iulia. Among others, Ioan Bacău, Victor Bârlea and Traian Mihailovici were chosen to vote for the Great Union, in recognition of their merits as teachers and outstanding members of their communities.

Situația economică a județului Severin în perioada 1934-1937

 
Abstract: Along with Caraş county, in the studied period there is a revival of economic activity in Severin county.
   From 1925-1926 until 1937, the Siemens-Martin steel production of Romania was made exclusively by Reşiţa and Ferdinand Plants.
   Considerable urban improvements have been made in the Severin county residence (Lugoj). Beautiful achievements were made by electrifying the villages in Severin County.
   Analyzing the development of industrial life in the Danube Gorge in the period between the two world wars, we can not overlook the fact that even in the periods of effervescence of economic activity was not used the entire production capacity of enterprises.
   Also, the big monopolistic societies prevented, here too, the rational exploitation of natural resources nd riches, when their interests demanded it.
   During this period, the activity of numerous mining operations in Severin County was stopped.
   In conclusion, the relative economic prosperity enjoyed by the whole country also affected Severin County, an area endowed with many natural resources.

Un ideal irosit: destrămarea României Mari

 
Abstract: Compared to all the turbulent and bitter historical periods that the Romanian people went through in its millennial existence, but especially after the completion of state unity after the First World War, in the country called „Greater Romania”, never has it been a more painful and tragic year like the year 1940. In that unfortunate and and full of suffering year, the Romanians have lost by ultimatum and dictate, in less then three months, almost a third of its national territory. Following the Munchen Agreement (29/30 September 1938), but especially because of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact (from 23rd August 1939), Romania was left alone in front of the vicissitudes of time, without its traditional allies (Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia) and without the support of the great powers(France and Great Britain). Under the roller coaster of events which unfolded rapidly, followed: the ultimatum of the Soviet Union from June 26 1940 with the loss of Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina and Herta land; the dictate from Vienna on 30th August 1940, the cession of Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the Treaty of Craiova from September 7 1940 through which the Romanian state gave Bulgaria the Cadrilater(Durostor and Caliacra counties).

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