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Morisena nr. 1 (17)/2020

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FENEȘAN, Costin

FENEȘAN, Costin

FENEȘAN, CostinFENEȘAN, Costin, născut la Timișoara, la 21 mai 1947; în prezent domiciliat în București.         
           
Studii: Liceul german „Nikolaus Lenau” din Timișoara (absolvit în 1964); Facultatea de istorie-filosofie a Universității „Babeș-Bolyai” din Cluj-Napoca (absolvită în 1969).  
                                                      
Titluri academice: licențiat în istorie cu specializare în istoria medie (paleografie latină, germană și maghiară) și istorie modernă timpurie la Universitatea „Babeș-Bolyai” din Cluj-Napoca (1969); doctor în istorie al Universității „Babeș-Bolyai” din Cluj-Napoca (1977); cercetător științific principal gradul I (echivalat profesor universitar) la Institutul  de Istorie „Nicolae Iorga” din București al Academiei Române (1998); membru al Institutului de Istorie „George Barițiu” din Cluj-Napoca al Academiei Române (1990); membru de onoare al Muzeului Banatului din Timișoara (2007).

Colonelul Sébastiani – scurte note de drum prin Banat, Transilvania și Țara Românească

 
Abstract: After the Amiens Truce (1802, March 25 and 27), France was seeking a way to split the alliance between the Ottomanic Porte and Great Britain, to find means for improving his commercial interests in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea and in the Black Sea. In this regard, First-Consul Napoléon Bonaparte sent in the spring of 1802 his comrade in arms and countryman form Corsica, Colonel Horace Sébastiani, in an exploratory mission to Constantinople. During his journey form Paris to the main city of the Ottoman Empire, passing through Vienna and Buda, Colonel Sébastiani (later on General and 1840 promoted to the rank of Fieldmarshall of France), took short notes on his travel. On his way to Constantinople, Sébastiani passed from Hungary to Banat and its main city of Timișoara, then stopped at Sibiu in Transylvani and, across the Carpathian Mountains, spent thereafter several days in Bucharest, the capital-city of Wallachia. Therefrom he reached finally, travelling through Bulgaria, his goal. In his short notes, Colonel Sébastiani is emphasizing on different military matters, but at the same time he is interested in the human and material environement. It is to be pointed out, that during his stay in Bucharest, Sébastiani met with the Reigning-Prince Michael Suțu and with Alexander Moruzi, the former one, as well as with several members of the high local nobility (boyards), imbued to his surprise by the French culture. As a perspicuous observer of men and facts, Colonel Sébastiani summarizes in a surprisingly accurate way the pith of the Fanariotic regime in Wallachia and Moldavia.   

Cum au fost scoase la licitație în 1781-1782 domeniile și moșiile fiscale din Banat

 
Abstract: After the incorporation of the imperial Banat to the Kingdom of Hungary, on its former territory, excepted the Banatic Military Border, raised the counties of Timiș, Torontal and Caraș. 1781-1782, in order to bring in equilibrium the rotten state finances, Emperor Joseph II decided to put up to public auction a lot of state domaines and estates, especially in the counties of Torontal and Timiș. At Vienna (for estates over 30 000 florins) and at Timișoara were hold each time three auctions. The announces of these auctions (including the name of the domains/estates and the initial bid), as well ad the advantages and burdens for the winners are published according to the official issues in the „Wiener Zeitung”.

Un călător transilvănean prin Banatul otoman la 1687

 
Abstract: At the end of April 1687 Sándor Pál, who was appointed as representative (kapukehaya) to the Porte of  Prince Michael Apafi of Transylvania, started his journey to Istanbul. During his way to the main city of the Ottoman Empire, Sándor wrote a diary in Hungarian language, the part refering to his stay in the Ottoman Banat being reproduced both in original and in Romanian translation. Entering in the Banat by  the so-called Iron Gate of Transylvania and, following  down the river Bistra, he arrived at Caransebeș, where Sándor  was welcomed bey the local begh. From here, along the Timiș river, he reached Lugoj and thereafter, following the Pogăniș valley, arrived at Denta. Passing probably by the fortress at Vârșeț (nowadays Vršac), Sándor reached Panciova (nowadays Pančevo) and crossed the Danube for Belgrade. The diary of his journey through the Ottoman Banat from May 12 to May 18, 1687 is dealing with matters  that strucked the author particularly.

Banatul într-o carte italiană din 1685

 
Abstract: 1685 was print in Milan the book of Simpliciano Bizozeri/Bizzozzeri (1642-1704), member of the Barnabite’s Order, on the past of Hungary and Croatia: Compendiose notitie dello stato passato del regno di Vngheria e regno di Croatia. This book, compiled with informations gathered by the author from different older or contemporary works, is part of the official propaganda, especially in the spirit of the Habsburgs, to improve the military engagement of the central-european states in the fight against the Ottoman Empire. In his book Bizozeri insists on the struggle during the XVth  to the XVIIth  centuries in the Banat to stop, infortunately in vain, the advance of the Porte towards Central Europe. Sometimes, Bizozeri is describing fortresses and places in the Banat involved in this clashes, but deprived of a direct knowledge on the region, he is not to be trusted always.

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