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Morisena nr. 1 (17)/2020

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KÓSA, Alexandru

KÓSA, Alexandru

 
KÓSA, AlexandruKÓSA, Alexandru – S-a născut la 6 septembrie 1983.
A urmat cursurile elementare și liceale la Reșița.
Absolvent al Facultatății de Litere, Istorie și Teologie, specializarea Istorie-Limba engleză.
Doctor în istorie din 2018. Domeniul doctoratului: Istorie medie a României
Titlul tezei de doctorat: Organizarea militară în Banatul Medieval, secolele XIV-XVI (The military organisation in Medieval Banat during the 14th and 16th centuries).
Profesor la Liceul Teoretic „David Voniga” din Giroc.
Asistent cercetare la Academia Română, Filiala Timișoara.
 
A. Volume de unic autor
1. Alexandru Kósa, Organizarea militară în Banatul Medieval, secolele XIV-XVI, Editura David Press Print, Timișoara, 2019, ISBN 978-606-999-063-6, 407 p. 
 
B. Volume în colaborare
1. Ioan Hațegan, Alexandru Kósa, Cronologia Banatului. III/1. Banatul între 1716-1735, Editura Banatul, Timișoara, 2018, ISBN 978-606-8395-16-7; 978-606-8385-17-4, 360 p.
2. Ioan Hațegan, Alexandru Kósa, Cronologia Banatului. III/2. Banatul între 1736-1753, Editura Banatul, Timișoara, 2018, ISBN 978-606-8395-16-7; 979-606-8385-18-1, 460 p.
3. Ioan Hațegan, Alexandru Kósa, Banatul în lupta antiotomană,  Editura Artpress/Banatul, Timișoara, 2014, ISBN 978-973-108-609-5; 978-606-8385-05-1, 608 p.

Organizarea militară în Banatul Medieval, secolele XIV-XVI*

 
Abstract: The present paper entitled ”The military organisation in Medieval Banat during the 14th and 16th centuries”, aims to emphasise the major military part that Banat had during the fore-mentioned period. We have conceived the paper in seven chapters in order to cover the vast period of time from the moment of the crowning of king Sigismund of Luxemburg in 1387 until the middle of the 16th century, when 2/3 of Banat was conquered by the Ottomans. The research allowed us to make a small presentation of Banat in the second part of the 16th century, under Ottoman rule.
In the introductory part we have inserted some historiographical reference points, then the first chapter presents the toponymy of Banat and its natural surroundings. Chapter two makes a swift presentation of the administrative-territorial organisation in Medieval Banat where an important part was played by the local lords (cnezi). Chapter three analyses the organisation and equipment of the army in Banat during the time of John Hunyadi, but at the same time it presents the military laws and decrees which represented the basis of the medieval military organisation in the Hungarian kingdom. In the fourth chapter we presented the portraits of the military commandants that had also occupied the position of counts of Timis. Chapter five shows the defensive system in Banat formed out of three lines of fortifications. In the sixth chapter we present, in a chronological order, the anti-ottoman campaigns undertaken by the counts in Banat since the ending of the 14th century until the end of the 15th century. The last chapter presents Banat in the 16th century: the 1552 Ottoman conquest and rule of Banat.

Din cronologia Banatului imperial (Anul 1728)

 
Abstract: The present paper FROM THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE IMPERIAL BANAT (1728) is a small part of the great research theme THE CRONOLOGY OF THE IMPERIAL BANAT (1716-1753). It aims to present the year, month, day and the events that happened then.
The Scientific Researcher I, dr. Ioan Hategan, proposed this theme several years ago, and since then we have started working on it, translating, analysing and putting together the information that we had obtained. Most of the information was in German and it was found in the work of Baróti Lajos (Ludwig Grün) published in the magazine of the museum in Banat, called Tőrténelmi és Régeszeti Ertésitő between 1893-1907.
To conclude with, we desire to create a complex work, and the documents which have been synthetized and summarised, to provide useful and accessible information to all the readers.

Din cronologia Banatului imperial – Anul 1727

 
Abstract: The present paper FROM THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE IMPERIAL BANAT (1727) is a small part of the great research theme THE CRONOLOGY OF THE IMPERIAL BANAT (1716-1753). It aims to present the year, month, day and the events that happened then.
The Scientific Researcher I, dr. Ioan Hategan, proposed this theme several years ago, and since then we have started working on it, translating, analysing and putting together the information that we had obtained. Most of the information was in German and it was found in the work of Baróti Lajos (Ludwig Grün) published in the magazine of the museum in Banat, called Tőrténelmi és Régeszeti Ertésitő between 1893-1907.
To conclude with, we desire to create a complex work, and the documents which have been synthetized and summarised, to provide useful and accessible information to all the readers.

Din cronologia Banatului imperial (Anul 1719)

 
Abstract: The present paper FROM THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE IMPERIAL BANAT (1719) is a small part of the great research theme THE CRONOLOGY OF THE IMPERIAL BANAT (1716-1753). It aims to present the year, month, day and the events that happened then.
The Scientific Researcher I, dr. Ioan Hategan, proposed this theme several years ago, and since then we have started working on it, translating, analysing and putting together the information that we had obtained. Most of the information was in German and it was found in the work of Baróti Lajos (Ludwig Grün) published in the magazine of the museum in Banat, called Tőrténelmi és Régeszeti Ertésitő between 1893-1907.
To conclude with, we desire to create a complex work, and the documents which have been synthetized and summarised, to provide useful and accessible information to all the readers.

Organizarea armatei lui Iancu de Hunedoara

 
Abstract: The 15th century was marked by the military conflicts between the Christians and the Ottomans. King Sigismund of Luxemburg adopted two military regulations, one in 1397 and the other one in 1427. They were meant to reform the Hungarian Kingdom’s army. John Hunyadi was the one who managed to create a powerful and very well equipped army. The medieval Banat army was a part of the great royal Hungarian army and had all the new and best weapons and armours. John Hunyadi’s army was organized in: cavalry (light and armoured), infantry, artillery, Hussite war chariots, Danube navy and engineer troops. The soldiers were endowed with all the medieval weaponry: traditional such as bows and arrows, side arms, and modern such as firing arms, bombard. Having all these kinds of weaponry and well trained soldiers, John Hunyadi created a powerful army that succeeded some great military victories against the all mighty Ottoman army in the middle of the 15th century.

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