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Morisena nr. 1 (17)/2020

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Revolte româno-sârbe în graniţa bănăţeană la începutul secolului al XIX-lea

 
Abstract: In 1807, in a company of the Romanian-Illyrian Border Regiment at Kruščica, acts of insubordination occurred when the border guards refused to do overtime cordon activities. The movement against the Habsburg administration of the Romanians and the Serbians north of the Danube was also influenced by the anti-Ottoman Serbian revolt south of the Danube, led by Karađorđe. Karađorđe had connections with the Romanian and Serbian leaders and encouraged them to fight for social and national justice. Given the circumstances, common revolts of the Romanian and Serbians broke out on both sides of the Danube.

Societatea „Kandia” în prima parte a regimului comunist

 
Abstract: The „Kandia” factory in Timisoara, has passed the end of World War II, as well as the entire romanian society through a radical process of change.After the communists came to power, the „Kandia” factory passed into state ownership. Immediately after nationalization with „Kandia”, three other western factories in the country were merged. The „Kandia” factory was integrated into the centralized economy thought by the communist party and submitted to the first five-year term, which proved not to be a success as expected.

Oameni de ieri și de azi (4) Colecționarul bănățean Constantin Gruescu

 
Abstract: Constantin Gruiescu, a mining technician and a famous mineral collector from Ocna de Fier, was born at Dognecea on 12 April 1924 and died in the same village on 22 January 2020. In 1950, he opened an Aesthetic Minerals Museum in Dognecea. Today the museum enjoys world recognition. The collection includes over 2,000 exhibits, priceless crystals and minerals, some of them unique.
Constantin Gruiescu wrote several books and was the character in a number of works that highlight his hobby. He was awarded many titles and honorary distinctions for his work and enthusiasm.

Colonelul Sébastiani – scurte note de drum prin Banat, Transilvania și Țara Românească

 
Abstract: After the Amiens Truce (1802, March 25 and 27), France was seeking a way to split the alliance between the Ottomanic Porte and Great Britain, to find means for improving his commercial interests in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea and in the Black Sea. In this regard, First-Consul Napoléon Bonaparte sent in the spring of 1802 his comrade in arms and countryman form Corsica, Colonel Horace Sébastiani, in an exploratory mission to Constantinople. During his journey form Paris to the main city of the Ottoman Empire, passing through Vienna and Buda, Colonel Sébastiani (later on General and 1840 promoted to the rank of Fieldmarshall of France), took short notes on his travel. On his way to Constantinople, Sébastiani passed from Hungary to Banat and its main city of Timișoara, then stopped at Sibiu in Transylvani and, across the Carpathian Mountains, spent thereafter several days in Bucharest, the capital-city of Wallachia. Therefrom he reached finally, travelling through Bulgaria, his goal. In his short notes, Colonel Sébastiani is emphasizing on different military matters, but at the same time he is interested in the human and material environement. It is to be pointed out, that during his stay in Bucharest, Sébastiani met with the Reigning-Prince Michael Suțu and with Alexander Moruzi, the former one, as well as with several members of the high local nobility (boyards), imbued to his surprise by the French culture. As a perspicuous observer of men and facts, Colonel Sébastiani summarizes in a surprisingly accurate way the pith of the Fanariotic regime in Wallachia and Moldavia.   

Considerații privind Asociațiunea Transilvană în serviciul pedagogiei sociale și al educației adulților între 1931-1946/1947 (I)

 
Abstract: Seen by the Romanian intellectuals in Transylvania as a means of promoting culture and education among the people, social pedagogy was a major desideratum of the Transylvanian Association – the cultural and national institution of Sibiu – both in the inter-war decades and after that, until 1947-1948. Social pedagogy aimed at forming desirable citizens useful for the society. Education was promoted from three perspectives: it should have a pronounced economic and sanitary char-acter; it should be moral, civic and citizen-oriented and it should be rooted in culture.

Puncte de vedere: Ce este adevărul istoric și unde este el ascuns?

 
Aproape că nu putem iniția o discuție despre un eveniment istoric fără a declanșa o ceartă garnisită cu jigniri în care protagoniștii se acuză reciproc că nu sunt patrioți, că sunt vânduți unor interese străine etc. Este unul din cele mai elocvente exemple prin care se demonstrează că mai avem mult până vom înțelege democrația, așa cum ne-a explicat-o Ion Rațiu în 1990: „Voi lupta până la ultima mea picătură de sânge ca tu să ai dreptul de a avea o altă părere decât a mea!”.
Nu sunt istoric, dar mi-a plăcut istoria și de 20 de ani am făcut cercetări într-un domeniu „de nișă” al istoriei noastre. Un domeniu de care se interesează foarte puțini oameni, cel al istoriei învățământului special de pe teritoriile românești. Am și publicat 7 (șapte) cărți, despre acest subiect. La prima vedere, s-ar părea că domeniul cercetat de mine ar fi unul neutru, lipsit de probleme conflictuale. Și totuși, am constatat că nu este așa. Multe din informațiile incluse în text, informații demonstrate cert de sursele cercetate, au fost considerate de unii incomode, ca să nu spun jignitoare. De ce se întâmplă acest lucru?

Societatea „Kandia” din Timișoara în timpul Primului Război Mondial și procesul cu statul maghiar

 
Abstract: The „Kandia” factory was founded in 1890. In order to face the competition in 1909 it becomes a joint stock company and begins to develop constantly. In 1918, „Kandia” enters into a contract wits the Austro-Hungarian army, which undertakes to deliver 625 wagons of apple jam. Because much of the amount was not delivered due to the end of the war, a long process will follow with the Hungarian state to recover the loss.

Operațiunile militare din Banat în anii 1944-1945

 
Abstract: Since its formation, in the 8th-9th centuries, following a broad process of ethnogenesis, the Romanian people have contributed, substantially, through the great voivodes, but also through the simple peasants, considered, in a word, the „sole” of the country., to block all attempts of the Ottoman Empire to conquer Central Europe and to preserve human civilization in this part of the continent.
The connections between the Romanian provinces, existing from the early Middle Ages, will intensify in the 18th-19th centuries.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Bolshevik revolution in the Tsarist Empire (November 1917) and the collapse of Austria-Hungary (November 1918), at the end of the First World War, determined the fulfillment of the age-old dream of the Romanian people, to live, freely and independently, in the one country. Greater Romania, formed on December 1, 1918 and established, in its new borders, by the peace treaties of 1919-1920, will unfortunately last only two decades, but this dream will remain forever imprinted in the consciousness of all. Romanians.

Eroi cunoscuți și necunoscuți ai Cenadului

 
Zusammenfassung: Nach den beiden Weltkriegen im 20. Jahrhundert wurden in der Gemeinde Tschanad, Kreis Timiș, Rumänien zur Erinnerung an die auf dem Schlachtfeld gefallenen Opfer bzw. Vermissten von verschiedenen Ethnien mehrere Denkmäler errichtet. Das im öffentlichen Raum positionierte Denkmal der im Ersten Weltkrieg gefallenen rumänischen Helden, wurde zum allgemeinen Denkmal, nachdem auch die Namen der im Zweiten Weltkrieg Gefallenen oder Vermissten, unabhängig von ihrer Volkszugehörigkeit, auf diesem Denkmal erfasst worden waren. Aus den jüngsten Erforschungen der Dokumente im Nationalarchiv des Kreises Timiș geht hervor, dass die Zahl der Helden des Zweiten Weltkriegs weitaus größer ist als die Namensinschriften auf dem gemeinsamen Denkmal.

Considerații privind legătura interinstituțională dintre ASTRA și unitățile militare din Basarabia și Dobrogea între 1924-1930

 
Abstract: Regarding the material and moral support that the Army offered to Astra in Bessarabia, we note that since the summer of 1923, the Romanian non-commissioned officers and officers have contributed to the establishment of several divisions of the Association in this eastern part of the country. The first was constituted by the members of the Romanian elite (military, intellectuals, priests) in Cetatea-Albă county (July 8, 1924), and the second was the one recorded on January 1, 1924, in the same county and was mentioned as being established in one of the great military units existing in the province at that time: 30th Infantry Regiment „Matei Basarab”. The remarkable was the activity of Captain M. Dumitrașcu who in 1925 was involved in the creation of three other divisions/partitions of Astra in the south of Bassarabia, active and with the contribution of military units in this part of Romania: Astra’s Partitions in Tighina and Astra’s Partitions in the Hunting Battalion in the same locality respectively the Astra’s Partitions which was organized in the 28th Infantry Regiment in Ismail County. Also we note that on May 5, 1927, the constitution of the „Astra Dobrogean” Regional and the Central County Partitions of Astra in Constanța. In the service of Astra from the Dobrogea part of Romania he activated General Ion Vlădescu and with the agreement of the president of Astra from that period Vasile Goldiș. General I. Vlădescu was familiar with the activity of the Association from the time when he was in Sibiu to the leadership of the VII Territorial Army Corps and that he collaborated with Central Comitee of Astra in the cycle of conferences entitled The need to have an army.

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