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Morisena nr. 1 (21)/2021

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Für Heimat- und Familienforscher: Ein Heft aus Tschanad gibt Auskünfte

 
Zusammenfassung: Selbst unter Archivaren in Rumänien sind diese Pflicht-Register der Hebammen kaum bekannt und es konnte mir kein Standort von Sammlungen angezeigt werden. Das einzige mir bekannte Exemplar eines derartigen Evidenz-Heftes, das mich auf dieses Thema brachte, ist meinen Recherchen nach von mir zufällig während einer Dienstreise aus Tschanad/Cenad gerettet worden. Dort war es Teil eines Archivs der Gemeinde oder der Familie des Hinkel-Lehrers, der um das Jahr 1980 entsorgt wurde. Vielleicht bringt dieser Beitrag weitere Hinweise zum Forschungsthema.
Das Heft aus Tschanad wurde von der Hebamme „Teresia Pauli“ angelegt und war Teil einer Reihe, die von ihr über etliche Jahre in der Zwischenkriegszeit geführt wurde. Zu ihrer Person erfuhren wir, dass die Hebamme mit nur 57 Jahren am 21. Dezember 1933 verstorben ist.
Das uns vorliegende Exemplar umfasst Geburten der Zeitspanne vom 28. Oktober 1930 bis 7. April 1932 einschließlich. Amtlich hießen die Verzeichnisse „Registru de nașteri al moașelor“. Dieser teils dreisprachige Vordruck stammte aus der rumänisch-orthodoxen Diözesandruckerei Arad. Aufgelistet sind 110 Hausgeburten im Zeitraum von 18 Monaten.

Ofensiva diplomatică iugoslavă și sfârșitul deportării sârbilor în Bărăgan (1955)

 
Abstract: The former militants and activists for the Yugoslav cause refused to show solidarity to the Stalinist program, drafting a counter-resolution favouring Belgrade. This was the moment when the anti-Serbian repression was triggered. Tens of political trials followed and ended with hard prison sentences. Over 1000 former militants  were put to jail and almost  3000 Serbians were deported in the fields of Baragan.
In the aftermath of Stalin's death and the first signs of normalizing bilateral relations, when the Yugoslav diplomacy from Bucharest had received encouragement signals from the Soviet leader Khrushchev, a series of actions regarding the reparation for the injustices inflicted upon the Serbians from Romania has occurred. For example, the performance of bringing back the Serbians deported to Baragan to the native Banat, at the end of 1955. 

Constantin Rădulescu Jr. – Eminentul chirurg lugojean al Bucureștilor

 
Abstract: Constantin Rădulescu Jr. was a distinguished surgeon at the Eforiei Hospital in Bucharest. His correspondence with doctor George Dobrin, his brother-in-law and the first Romanian Prefect of Caraș-Severin County after the Great Union, describes episodes representative for the social, political and cultural life of Bucharest at the turn of the twentieth century: the arrival of Ferdinand, the crown prince, in the capital of the Kingdom of Romania and the vehement reaction of the anti-monarchist press, a long list of state institutions and Romanian Members of Parliament in 1895, the celebration of 10 May 1934. The letters also give biographic notes of personalities of Banat, such as Victor Vlad Delamarina, Valeriu Branişte, Tiberiu Brediceanu, Caius Brediceanu, Cornelia Brediceanu (Lucian Blaga’s wife), Vasile Mangra and George Crăciunescu, a protopope from Belinț Village. Sent on a mission to Messina after the devastating earthquake in 1908, the prominent surgeon from Lugoj provided the Romanian press with impressive accounts of the consequences of the cataclysm.
 

De ce l-a trădat Matia Corvin pe Vlad Țepeș?

Abstract. With the intention of keeping his forces intact in the event of an armed confrontation with his rival at the crown of Hungary, the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of German descent, Frederick III of Habsburg, King Matthias Corvinus travelled towards the Danube very late, to take part in the anti-Ottoman „crusade” of 1462. It was only on 17 September that he arrived at Turda, Transylvania, from where he advanced towards Sibiu, a city he would enter around  26 September. After a few days, more precisely on 30 September, he headed to Brasov, a city he would reach only by the end of October and “where he met The Impaler”. The main cause of “the young king Matthias Corvin’s attitude was undoubtedly the fact that in 1462 he was still focused on his conflict with Emperor Frederick III of Habsburg”, who continued to challenge his right to the throne of Hungary and raised claims to it himself.  Although Matthias Corvin “said that he was going to Wallachia to release Dracula (to whom he had given a blood relative in marriage) from the hands of the Turks”, he pursued his own interests and proved disloyal to Dracula. He “captured him and took him to Transylvania”. Consequently, in those days it was justly believed that Matthias Corvin acted as if he “had had an understanding with the Turks”, all the more so because, against the general opinion, he proclaimed „the other Dracula (i.e, Radu the Fair, Vlad the Impaler’s brother), whom the Turks had already appointed ruler over that country, as great Prince and Lord” of Wallachia.

Protoiereul Ioan Dăncilă, un preot militar astăzi aproape uitat: contribuții parțiale la o bio-bibliografie

Abstract: The presence and role of military priest among the armed forces were highly beneficial. Military priests did more than just perform religious services. They were involved in the social activities of officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers, in the inspection of armament, living conditions, hygiene, food and medical conditions in field or garrison hospitals. At the same time, a military priest was an educational, moral, and cultural model for both the troops and the officers among which he lived and worked. This was also the case of Captain Ioan Dăncilă, who was recruited in the Austro-Hungarian Imperial Army and later in Greater Romania’s Army.

Oameni de ieri și de azi (5): Ion Cocora

Abstract: Ion Cocora was born in Forotic village, Caraș-Severin County, on 13 March 1927. He was among the people who were deported to Bărăgan on the Pentecost night (18 June) of 1951. In a conversation with Gabriela Șerban and Dr. Martin Olaru, Ion Cocora speaks about the five years he and his family spent in the Bărăgan Plain, the harsh living conditions and the tough work they did in the “Siberia of Romania”.

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