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Morisena nr. 1 (17)/2020

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Sârbii din România, într-o democraţie recentă, la marginea Europei

 
Abstract:
– Which were the main means of repression mechanism and political control developed by the system toward the minorities?
– Which were the „special” treatments exercised by Securitate on the Serbian orthodox church , the most conservative minority institution, passed as such under the control, surveillance and thorough checking and, on case by case basis, callous repression with painful consequences to the community life?
– What destructive effects did cause this negative action on the „system servants” from within the community?
– And finally – what was the outcome of these complicated reactions and malefic interconnections in the minority alchemy of the new domestic democracy?
The following pages are, in their own way, possible explanations to these series of sensitive questions... Minorities who, as an integral part of the deranged Romanian world, failed to prove the necessary maturity for a genuine new beginning and absolution from the repudiated phantoms of the past which are keeping haunting, being resurgent by the collective sub-consciousness of our problematic democracy.

Considerații privind organizarea și desfășurarea Adunărilor generale ale Astrei în Alba Iulia (1866, 1875, 1886)

 
Abstract: The general assembly of Astra, ordinary or extraordinary, when the circumstances of the time imposed it represented the general body of the members through which the central Committee of Sibiu of the institution constantly pursued, both the fulfillment of the essential purpose of Astra - the unification of all Romanians in the a single Romanian state and the construction through culture and education of the Romanian nation-, as well as the defining objectives of the Romanian elite in Transilvania, permanently noted in social pedagogy and adult education. Astra, acted and manifested itself through its propagandists, the lecturers, the members of its divisions in Transylvania and Banat. During the first three to four decades of its history, the mentioned institution, organized in the city of Alba Iulia three of its general meetings.

Alegeri în Cercul electoral Bocșa, la 1906

 
Zusammenfassung: Durch die Entwicklung der Kreiswahlen stellte das Jahr 1906 einen politischen Haupttest für die rumänische banatische Intelligenz, die sich um die Repräsentativität für die rumänische Hauptbevölkerung bemühte. Die wichtigsten Kulturinstitutionen (die Gesang- und Blechmusikvereine, die Theatertruppen, die Presse) waren sich in gemeinsamen Anstrengungen eingelassen, um zu mobilisieren und sensibilisieren das Identitätsprinzip, zwecks der Erlangung einiger sozialpolitischen Rechte.
Nach dem Wahlerfolg des Tribunen Coriolan Brediceanu folgte die Enttäuschung der Ungültigkeitserklärung der Wahl und das Fiasko von Valeriu Braniște. Das ganze Panorama der Atmosphäre dieser Wahlen ist beseelt von der Gärung vieler Kulturveranstaltungen der Rumänen aus West-Banat.

Vlad Țepeș și politica sa internă

 
Abstract: When he came for the second time at the helm of Wallachia, Vlad the Impaler took a series of measures aimed at strengthening the central authority. Seeking to annihilate the anarchic tendencies of the great boyars, the vindictive descendant of the Bessarabians “from the beginning set up a regime of terror”, inaugurating his new reign by massacring those opposed to the political line promoted by him. Thus, the consolidation of the central power and the economic development, carried out by Vlad the Impaler, allowed the mobilization of all the forces available to Wallachia in order to stop the Ottoman expansion and prevent the disappearance of the Romanian South-Carpathian statehood, and not only (because his reckless deeds of arms saved from extinction the other two Romanian countries, Transylvania and Moldova, as well as the whole central and western European Christianity), a goal successfully achieved by the vigorous descent of the Dracula Bessarabians, who proved to be the right man at the right place, and providentially appeared just then, when there was greater need of him, as God made it possible whenever the Romanians faced great difficulties in their long and troubled existence.

Oameni de ieri și de azi (3) Ilie Telescu, veritabil român, inimos dascăl și preot curajos

 
Abstract: Ilie Telescu was born in Bocșa Montană (Caraș-Severin County) in 1839, to a family of Romanian Greek-Catholic miners. He attended the primary school in Bocșa, then the secondary school and the Greek-Catholic Teacher’s Training School in Oradea and became a teacher.
Between 1860 and 1863, he studied Greek-Catholic theology in Oradea.
In 1868, he was transferred to the Greek-Catholic parish in Cenad, where he was a teacher and a priest.
Ilie Telescu was a complex personality, a patriot who loved peace and unity. In 1875, he and 801 people turned to Orthodoxy, reactivating the old Romanian Orthodox parish in Cenad. He was actively involved in the cultural life of the locality, where he set up a reading society.

Condiţia materială a învăţătorilor din comitatul Timiș, în secolul al XIX-lea

 
Abstract: The financial situation of teachers was an important element that linked the Romanian School with the society, as teachers were paid from the contribution of the local community. In general, teachers’ salaries in Timiș were modest in the 19th century. They varied from one locality to another, depending on the economic potential, but increased relatively towards the end of the same century, thanks to the efforts that the Romanian community made to comply with the salary-related provisions of the school legislation. As representatives of such a caring and noble profession, the Romanian teachers in the Timiș “comitat” served the national language and culture without asking to be paid according to the sacrifices they made.

Dascăli bănățeni la Alba Iulia (Partea I): Ion Simion Caba (1871-1943)

 
Abstract: Ion Simion Caba (1871–1943), teacher and headmaster, was born on 23 April 1871, in Chişinău Criş Village, Arad County, to a family of peasants. He attended the primary school in his native village and the secondary school in Beiuş (1882-1886) and the Teachers Training School in Arad (1887-1890). He was a teacher in Curtici (1890-1891) and Curtea (1891-1919), and a teacher and headmaster of the All-Girls School in Lugoj (1919-1928). He also taught at “Coriolan Brediceanu” High School in Lugoj (1928-1932). He was brought to trial for political reasons 23 times and in the First World War, on 29 February 1916, he was recruited into the army and sent to the front. Teacher Ion Caba enjoyed great prestige among the inhabitants of Curtea, where he lived for nearly 30 years. He was the representative of both the religious community and the Ploughmen’s Reunion of Singers of Curtea at the Great National Assembly of Alba Iulia.

Arta corală religioasă bănățeană

 
Abstract: On the land of Banat music has been present  from ancient times, as the romanians used to sing in unison, individually, or in group, with the occasion of public manifestations, respectively at celebrations, at baptisms and funerals, at sitting rooms, in happy and difficult situations.

Cacova sau Grădinari de Caraş. Însemnări monografice despre un habitat rural din Banatul Montan. Din preistorie până în veacul al XV-lea (II)

 
Abstract: The archaeological discoveries and information from various sources attest the continuity of Dacian and Dacian-Roman settlements in the miners’ communities of the Caraș region. Money treasures dating back to the Dacian times were discovered in the area. Banat is considered the province with the most pronounced Roman character. In the Middle Ages, a rural civilisation under Byzantine jurisdiction prevailed in these places. Here the Romanians had autonomous institutions, sedium valachicalium, congregatio generalis, courts and general assemblies.

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