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Morisena nr. 1 (17)/2020

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Recenzie: Cetatea Morisena-Cenad*

 
Ioan Ha'egan - Cetatea Morisena-CenadSituată la confluența civilizațiilor, „Cetatea de pe Mureș” a avut o istorie zbuciumată, care ne duce cu gândul la vechea expresie cronicărească de loc „așezat în calea răutăților”.
Apelând la o bogată sursă de inspirație documentară, istoricul Ion Hațegan (fiu al Cenadului) a realizat o monografie bogat ilustrată a Cetății Cenadului. Pentru a nu urma calea unei posibile ambiguizări, este necesară precizarea că volumul semnalat în acest articol nu este o istorie a localității Morisena – Cenad, ci face referire la cetatea care a funcționat vreme de 1596 ani (atestați documentar) ca fortificație și centru politico-militar în Pusta bănățeană.

Recenzie: Cenad – Documente de arhivă*

 
Cenad – Documente de arhivăApărut de curând la Editura Artpress, în Timișoara, și lansat în 9 noiembrie 2019 la Cenad, cu prilejul Zilei Asociației Culturale „Concordia”, volumul lui Dușan Baiski surprinde prin conținutul său: peste 350 de fotocopii ale unor documente și copii după fotografii-document, datând din perioada interbelică, până în primele două decenii postbelice.
În „Cuvântul înainte” autorul, neobosit căutător al identiății Banatului de câmpie, mărturisește că a realizat „doar” o selecție din cele 120.000 de documente pe care le-a studiat timp de 12 ani în arhiva S.J.T.A.N.

Csanad arx ex pacto Pacis [Carlovitzensis] destructa.

 
Csanad arx ex pacto Pacis [Carlovitzensis] destructa.
 
Abstract: The dismantling of Cenad fortress was done by the commander of Arad’s fortress, Colonel Georg Wilhelm, Reichsfreiherr von Löffelholz & Kolberg, who used, besides the subordinate soldiers, 300-400 peasants from the region. The action took place in the spring of 1701, between the end of March and the beginning of May. Another fortification will never be built at Cenad.

Cum au fost scoase la licitație în 1781-1782 domeniile și moșiile fiscale din Banat

 
Abstract: After the incorporation of the imperial Banat to the Kingdom of Hungary, on its former territory, excepted the Banatic Military Border, raised the counties of Timiș, Torontal and Caraș. 1781-1782, in order to bring in equilibrium the rotten state finances, Emperor Joseph II decided to put up to public auction a lot of state domaines and estates, especially in the counties of Torontal and Timiș. At Vienna (for estates over 30 000 florins) and at Timișoara were hold each time three auctions. The announces of these auctions (including the name of the domains/estates and the initial bid), as well ad the advantages and burdens for the winners are published according to the official issues in the „Wiener Zeitung”.

Cacova sau Grădinari de Caraş. Însemnări monografice despre un habitat rural din Banatul Montan. Din preistorie până în veacul al XV-lea (I)

 
Abstract: The archaeological discoveries and information from various sources attest the continuity of Dacian and Dacian-Roman settlements in the miners’ communities of the Caraș region. Money treasures dating back to the Dacian times were discovered in the area. Banat is considered the province with the most pronounced Roman character. In the Middle Ages, a rural civilisation under Byzantine jurisdiction prevailed in these places. Here the Romanians had autonomous institutions, sedium valachicalium, congregatio generalis, courts and general assemblies.

Ioan Jivi Bănățeanu și propaganda proromânească în S.U.A.

 
Abstract: In the winter of 1916-1917, the offensive of the Central Powers forced the Romanian army, government and royalty to withdraw from Bucharest to Moldova, as the state of the armed forces and the civil population was precarious. Dire predictions were made on the country’s future. Given the circumstances, it seemed that Romania’s only chance to survive was to popularise abroad its difficult situation and the purpose for which it entered the war – the union of all Romanians in one national state. Journalist Ioan Jivi Bănățeanu, an unfairly neglected Romanian personality, was actively involved in promoting Romania’s interests among the Romanian emigrants in the USA. He thoroughly fulfilled his duty as a Romanian. He fought for his country in the press and at conferences. He organised the Romanian emigrants in America and at the same time he mobilised the US public opinion to support the Romanian people’s interest.

Organizarea militară în Banatul Medieval, secolele XIV-XVI*

 
Abstract: The present paper entitled ”The military organisation in Medieval Banat during the 14th and 16th centuries”, aims to emphasise the major military part that Banat had during the fore-mentioned period. We have conceived the paper in seven chapters in order to cover the vast period of time from the moment of the crowning of king Sigismund of Luxemburg in 1387 until the middle of the 16th century, when 2/3 of Banat was conquered by the Ottomans. The research allowed us to make a small presentation of Banat in the second part of the 16th century, under Ottoman rule.
In the introductory part we have inserted some historiographical reference points, then the first chapter presents the toponymy of Banat and its natural surroundings. Chapter two makes a swift presentation of the administrative-territorial organisation in Medieval Banat where an important part was played by the local lords (cnezi). Chapter three analyses the organisation and equipment of the army in Banat during the time of John Hunyadi, but at the same time it presents the military laws and decrees which represented the basis of the medieval military organisation in the Hungarian kingdom. In the fourth chapter we presented the portraits of the military commandants that had also occupied the position of counts of Timis. Chapter five shows the defensive system in Banat formed out of three lines of fortifications. In the sixth chapter we present, in a chronological order, the anti-ottoman campaigns undertaken by the counts in Banat since the ending of the 14th century until the end of the 15th century. The last chapter presents Banat in the 16th century: the 1552 Ottoman conquest and rule of Banat.

Evoluția manualelor din școlile românești bănățene, în a doua jumătate a secolului al XIX-lea

 
Abstract: In the 19th century, the Romanian schools in Banat used valuable handbooks that contributed to the national education of the students. Given the increasingly intense magyarisation policy in schools, in the second half of the 19th century the Budapest Ministry of Education initiated a campaign that banned Romanian handbooks and replaced them with translations of Hungarian ones. Nevertheless, the teachers were able to preserve the national function of the school, teaching the students the Romanian cultural values.

Considerații sumare cu privire la activitatea publicistică a lui Dumitru Cruțiu Delasăliște în paginile periodicelor culturale din Arad și Constanța (1904-1934)

 
Abstract: Dumitru Cruțiu Delasaliște (1884-1934) was a well-known publicist and culture man from Constanța, and as it results from the specific particle attached to his name, we allow ourselves to issue the opinion that D. Cruțiu Delasaliște was probably of Salish origin. In fact, in this sense, the researcher of Constanţa Enache Puiu, who remarked in one of his works, that the future publicist of Constanta was born in Săliștea Sibiului, Sibiu county in 1884, from where, as well as many other dissatisfied Transylvanians. of Austro-Hungarian rule, especially after the signing of Dualism from Buda in 1867 saw the need to cross the mountains in the Old Kingdom, and our author and publicist settled with the family in the city on the Black Sea shore in 1894. The study of here is a presentation of some of his writings that appeared in periodicals from Arad and Constanța between 1904-1934. At the same time, we must not forget his involvement in the formation of a syndicate of journalists from Constanţa, respectively his activity as secretary in the service of the Regional "Astra Dobrogeană".

Coordonate succinte privind activitatea mitropolitului Antim Ivireanu în vremea domniei lui Constantin vodă Brâncoveanu

 
Abstract: Antim from Iviria was one of the most important hierarchs of the Orthodox confession in the Romanian space. A man of high culture, he was involved in the activity of setting up the printing works and writing various religious works, but not only. One by one, he ascended the steps of the confessional hierarchy, being a typographer, a hieromonah, a bishop and a metropolitan of the Orthodox Church in Ungrovlahiei.
Antim Ivireanu is the one who laid the foundations of the typography in Târgoviște, in which 18 books appeared, of which 11 were in Romanian. From the very beginning, the Romanian writings were highlighted, having a religious character, such as: Psaltirea, Octoihul, Liturgy, Molitvelnic, catavasier, Ceaslov and Philosophical Papers. Now is the time when there is an increase in the number of books printed in Romanian. Despite his great merits, he was deposed from the archery seat and sent hostage to the Ottoman empire where he was killed by a group of Ottoman soldiers who excelled him.

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