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Morisena nr. 1 (17)/2020

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Producerea de chibrituri în Banat

Abstract: The first Safety Matches, Waggon Wheel Grease and Chemicals factory in Timişoara was opened in 1883. Under the Hungarian regime, the manufacturer was entitled to free trade. After Banat was united with Romania in 1919, trade became state monopoly. During the socialist years, more specifically in 1963, match production was stopped and that part of the factory started producing folding chairs only for export.

Aspecte geografice ale evoluției structurii etnice a populației Banatului (sinteză)

Abstract: The territorial disparities of the entity structure of the Banat population originate from the historical evolution of the region. Between 1718 and 1919 it is possible to notice the decrease of the weight of the Romanian and Serbian population, against the background of massive colonization with Gemini and Hungarians. After 1945 the Germans migrated to Germany, and many Romanians settled in Banat. The Serbian population continued to decline in number due to low birth rates and as a percentage due to the massive infusion of the Romanian population. The preservation, after 100 years of the minority minority communities - even numerically diminished - attests the tolerant policy of the state and their integration in the Romanian society.

Aurel C. Popovici-Racoviță – Primul bănățean laureat al Premiului național de compoziție „George Enescu”


Abstract: Aurel C. Popovici-Racoviţă, a Bachelor of Theology and a professor of church music and vocal and instrumental music, was part of the first teaching staff of the newly founded Romanian Greek-Catholic School for training women teachers in the Lugoj Greek-Catholic Diocese. One of his achievements as a composer was an honourable mention at the first edition of the “George Enescu” National Composition Prize, initiated and presided by George Enescu himself.

Bănățeni participanți la Marea Unire, victime ale regimului comunist

Abstract: Among the victims of the communist regime that was established in Romania in 1948 were many supporters of Greater Romania, such as: Greek-Catholic Bishop Valeriu Traian Frențiu (who died at Sighet), senator Victor Feneșiu (who died at the Danube-Black Sea Canal), lawyer Liviu Cigărean (who died in Văcărești Prison), politician Coriolan Băran and canon Nicolae Brânzeu (imprisoned at Sighet), lawyer and journalist Aurel Cosma jr., lawyer Iuliu Coste and socialist Traian Novac (arrested), priest Avram Corcea, professor Teodor Bucurescu and lawyer Nicolae Imbroane (were arrested, deported or had compulsory residence).

Un reprezentant al elitei confesional ortodoxe la conducerea organismului tranzitoriu de putere: Consiliul Național Român Alba Iulia (1918-1919)

Abstract: Ioan Teculescu, was a confessional primar teacher, and then orthodox priest of Râşnov. He was invested in 1901 by Transylvanian Metropolitan and Archibishop of Sibiu Ioan Metianu in the confessional high dignity of Alba Iulia's dean for romanians orthodox confession in the Alba Comitee. In its new quality, it was remarked both in pastoral and missionary terms and act, contributing for a quarter of a century to the construction of the Romanian nation in the county of Alba and as a cultural manager and vector of the Romanian consciousness in Alba Iulia as director of the local structure of the Association: The Alba Iulia of Astra Divide between 1905-1923. We appreciate that every day of his life in Alba Iulia and the Stone Country of the Apuseni Mountains was a mission day that the dean-director assumed, both at religious and cultural level.

Evoluții specifice ale comunei Variaș, de la începutul veacului al XVIII-lea până la mijlocul veacului al XIX-lea

Abstract: From the beginning of the Modern period and up to middle of the 19th century, Variaș was inhabited continuously and went under economic and social transformations. The Ottoman rule was replaced with the Austrian domination that allowed Serbian and German colonists to settle in the village, which was moved to the area it occupies today. In 1792, the Court of Vienna sold the village to the bishop of Zagreb. The 1848-1849 Revolution also took its toll on the village.

Evul Mediu bănățean oglindit în Monografia oraşului Caransebeş

Abstract. Andrei Ghidiu was born on 15 January 1849, at Deda, Mureş county. After graduating from the Seminary of  Caransebeş, Andrei Ghidiu continued his studies at Vienna and Leipzig. Between 1880 – 1881 he worked as a teacher of Theology at Caransebeş, and in 1883 he was appointed as rector of Oraviţa. There he lived until 1888, when he was transferred on a similar post at Caransebeş. Elected as the president of Despărţământul Astrei of Caransebeş, Andrei Ghidiu manifested as a staunch supporter of the cultural and artistic activities as well as of the cultural institutions of the town. He gave a particular support to the Romanian Society of Singing and Music of Caransebeş and to the women’s and teachers’ reunions. In order to preserve the cultural Romanian patrimony in the area, he collected the majority of the old books of value  (particularly the ones from the churches belonging to his district), which he later sent to the library of the Romanian Academy in Bucharest.A good and very active patriot, Andrei Ghidiu took part in the preparations for the Great Union. On  7 November 1918, he presided at the Assembly of Caransebeş, where the founding of the local National Romanian Council and the founding of the National Romanian Guard was decided. On 1 December 1918, he took part in the Great National Assembly at Alba Iulia, as the delegate of the Orthodox bishopric of Caransebeş, being elected as a member of the Great National Romanian Council. Andrei Ghidiu had a successful collaboration with the church magazine ’Foaia diecesană’ of Caransebeş. In 1909, together with professor Iosif Bălan, he made a well-informed monograph of the town of  Caransebeş. He died in 1937. Works: Monografia oraşului Caransebeş, dimpreună cu monografiile caselor dumnezeieşti, a episcopiei, a institutului teologic şi pedagogic şi cu biografiile bărbaţilor care au lucrat la una sau alta instituţiune (in collaboration with Iosif Bălan), Caransebeş, 1909. References: Ioan I. Şerban, Dorin Giurgiu, Ionela Mircea, Nicolae Josan – Dicţionarul personalităţilor Unirii: trimişii românilor transilvăneni la Marea Adunare Naţională de la Alba Iulia, published by Altis, Alba Iulia, 2003, p. 152.

Propaganda italiană în favoarea voluntariatului român

Abstract: The organisation of the Romanian prisoners in Italy in the Legion of Romanian Volunteers gained momentum after the Congress of the Austro-Hungarian Nations held on 8 April 1918, which a Romanian delegation also attended. Professor Simion Mândrescu, president of the Association of Romanians from Transylvania and Banat, remained in Italy to organise the Romanian prisoners in military units that were to fight in the Italian army against the Central Powers. In the spring and summer of 1918, the “Pro Romania” and „Pro Romeni” associations, consisting of Italian MPs, senators, scientists etc., organised events in Rome, Turin, Naples etc. to support the programme of the Committee of the Romanians from Transylvania, Banat and Bucovina that promoted the constitution of the Romanian nation-state.

Din cronologia Banatului imperial – Anul 1727

Abstract: The present paper FROM THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE IMPERIAL BANAT (1727) is a small part of the great research theme THE CRONOLOGY OF THE IMPERIAL BANAT (1716-1753). It aims to present the year, month, day and the events that happened then.
The Scientific Researcher I, dr. Ioan Hategan, proposed this theme several years ago, and since then we have started working on it, translating, analysing and putting together the information that we had obtained. Most of the information was in German and it was found in the work of Baróti Lajos (Ludwig Grün) published in the magazine of the museum in Banat, called Tőrténelmi és Régeszeti Ertésitő between 1893-1907.
To conclude with, we desire to create a complex work, and the documents which have been synthetized and summarised, to provide useful and accessible information to all the readers.

Un călător transilvănean prin Banatul otoman la 1687

Abstract: At the end of April 1687 Sándor Pál, who was appointed as representative (kapukehaya) to the Porte of  Prince Michael Apafi of Transylvania, started his journey to Istanbul. During his way to the main city of the Ottoman Empire, Sándor wrote a diary in Hungarian language, the part refering to his stay in the Ottoman Banat being reproduced both in original and in Romanian translation. Entering in the Banat by  the so-called Iron Gate of Transylvania and, following  down the river Bistra, he arrived at Caransebeș, where Sándor  was welcomed bey the local begh. From here, along the Timiș river, he reached Lugoj and thereafter, following the Pogăniș valley, arrived at Denta. Passing probably by the fortress at Vârșeț (nowadays Vršac), Sándor reached Panciova (nowadays Pančevo) and crossed the Danube for Belgrade. The diary of his journey through the Ottoman Banat from May 12 to May 18, 1687 is dealing with matters  that strucked the author particularly.




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